The testosterone hormone in the human body promotes development of male sexual characteristics such as muscle bulk, bone density, sperm production etc. Some factors such as aging or certain conditions such as hypogonadism (improper functioning of testicles) can cause the production of low amounts of testosterone in the body. A decrease in the levels of this hormone may cause sleep disturbance, fragile bones, fatigue, depression, decreased body hair, growth of sexual organs and muscle mass. Testosterone therapy helps in improving the signs and symptoms of low testosterone in men.
Indications and contraindications
Testosterone therapies are indicated to improve the level of the testosterone hormone in the body and to treat conditions such as erectile dysfunction. Testosterone therapies are not advisable if you are diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer as it may cause growth of the prostate glands.
Testosterone therapies can be given in different forms namely:
Risks and complications
Some complications associated with testosterone therapies include acne and oily skin, breast enlargement, decreased testicular size, stimulation of prostate tissues, worsening of sleep disorders and fluid retention. Some laboratory abnormalities such as changes in cholesterol levels and increase in RBC or decrease in sperm count may also be associated with testosterone therapies.
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