Endometrial ablation is the removal of the endometrium, the thin layer of tissue lining the uterus. It is done to treat various conditions of heavy menstrual or vaginal bleeding such as menorrhagia, abnormal uterine bleeding and unusual bleeding between periods. Hormonal imbalance (estrogen and progesterone) that happens most often in women nearing menopause or after menopause is the main cause for menorrhagia and abnormal bleeding. Other causes of abnormal bleeding may be the presence of fibroid tumors, polyps or cancer in the endometrium or uterus. Sometimes endometrial ablation may be performed as an alternative treatment option to hysterectomy (removal of uterus).
Endometrial ablation is not recommended in women of childbearing age who are planning to become pregnant, were pregnant recently, in post-menopausal women and in those with disorders of the uterus such as cancer, recent infection, and endometrial hyperplasia.
Endometrial ablation may be performed using one of the following techniques:
You may expect some minor discomfort such as nausea, cramping, thin bloody discharge, and frequent urination following the procedure. These problems usually resolve within 2-3 days.
Talk to your gynecologist to learn more about the procedure and your eligibility.
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