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Laparoscopic varicocelectomy is a surgical procedure indicated for the treatment of infertility in men. Varicocele, enlargement of the veins in the scrotum, is the most common cause of infertility in men. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. A catheter is placed to drain urine and empty the bladder. You doctor inserts a needle into the abdominal cavity and inflates it with carbon dioxide gas. This helps your surgeon view the surgical site more clearly. The needle is removed, and 3 to 4 small incisions are made on your abdomen, through which a laparoscope (tube with a light and a small camera) and other surgical instruments are inserted. The varicocele is isolated and cut. The arteries are kept intact. The remaining veins are sutured securely, and incisions are closed firmly with stitches.

Like all surgical procedures, laparoscopic varicocelectomy may be associated with certain complications, which include:

  • Testicular artery injury
  • Reoccurrence of varicocele
  • Hydrocele (sac filled with fluid that forms around testicles)

The advantages of laparoscopic varicocelectomy include:

  • Reduced hospital stays
  • Smaller incisions and less scarring
  • Faster recovery
  • Less post-operative pain

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